Jainism is basically a Vedic religion which comes between the lines of Hinduism and Buddhism.
This religion is also one of the world’s greatest religions. Jainism dates back to the 5th or 4th centuries BCE when it was basically founded and gained a lot of popularity in the 5th and 12th centuries CE. Like other Vedic religion, Jainism also embraces the concept of karma and nevertheless historically, Jains which are the followers of this religion, to the idea to the next level of extreme and sought to reduce all of the desires and all effects of actions to become as passive it can. The modern Jains gave great importance of motives of actions and took them into account quite largely and they also embrace a more moralistic form of Karma.
This religion is also divided into two main factions or sects which are DIgambara and Shvetambara and the smaller Sthanakavasis. Their main point of divergence is the extreme to which the rake asceticism which is basically understood as plain living along with self-denial. If we talk about what Jainism is most famous for then we can easily see that it is the most famous for its stance of ahimsa which means non-violence which is also the key part of their doctrine even has staunch critics of religion such as Sam Harris speaking positively of Jain's peacefulness. The stance is pretty clear and inspiring and has managed to influence all Indian cultures pretty clearly. It also has adherents such as Mahatma Gandhi.
If we talk about it critically then the rest of the Jainism is largely nonsensical and the stories behind it are somewhat ahistorical. Its doctrines are also of eternal cycles and 24-teachers-per-cycle. All of these happened to spend their lives in India. Non-violence if we think about it also becomes counter-productive when it is faced with crop parasites and defending communities against violent attackers. It is also important to note that the only way Jainism works is when others maintain a society for them.
The concept of Karma
As we have discussed before that Karma is a pretty important concept in Jainism. Not just for this religion but for all the range of Vedic religions and cultures which include Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism itself. All these religions have their roots embedded from Indian beliefs.
Karma itself is more of a universal belief and principle which is based on cosmic law like the Tao of Taoism. Although one must not mix up both these religions because unlike Taoism, individual beings along with the entire universe basically go through a pretty large number of incarnation. Jain beliefs originally included that all actions would result in negative karma which basically means that if you do something bad, one day or the other it will come back to you and only if the situation is handled with complete serenity and detachment, only then there will be a solution for it.
As the religion grew its beliefs come closer to Hinduism and Buddhist ideas. These ideas basically include acts of merit, for example, acts like pilgrimages and worship can improve yours afterlife and fate. Eventually, beings can once and for all break free from the cycle of evil in the world in which they are trapped in and finally find peace. This is basically known as moksha in Hinduism and Jainism while in Buddhism it is known as enlightenment and nirvana. This concept is also taken up by Western New Age movements as though sometimes with a degree of misunderstanding. To sum all of this up more people on Earth believe in Karma which is enacted through a series of rebirths than in any other religious principle.
Jainism is an Atheist Religion
In Jainism, the cosmos basically operates in a way that eternally according to fixed laws there is no creator and nor a regulator to whom worship belongs to in any case.