Djed pillar, which is also known as “the backbone of Osiris”, is the symbol that represents strength and stability in ancient Egyptian culture.
It is associated with Ptah, the god of creation and Osiris, the god of the underworld and the dead.Although it was firstly known as the symbol of Ptah, the cult of Osiris adopted the djed pillar symbol in time.That is where the name “the backbone of Osiris” comes from.
Egyptians believed thatthe Djed pillarwas actually the combination of the four pillars that held the four corners of the earth.
The djed pillar was often used as amulets for the living and the dead. It was placed as an amulet near the spines of mummified bodies, which was supposed to ensure the resurrection of the dead, allowing the deceased to live eternally.The Egyptian Book of the Dead lists a spell which when spoken over a gold amulet hung around the mummy's neck, ensures that the mummy would regain use of its spine and be able to sit up. It was also painted onto coffins